Elisa Petri de Odriozola1, Ana María Quintana2, Victor González2, Roque Antonio Pasetto1, María Eugenia Utgés3, Octavio Augusto Bruzzone4, María Rosa Arnaiz3,+
1Programa Provincial para el Control de Leishmaniasis y Lepra, Corrientes, Argentina
2Programa Nacional para el Control de Tuberculosis y Lepra, Argentina
3Centro de Diagnóstico e Investigación en Endemo-Epidemias, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
4Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Río Negro, Argentina
BACKGROUND Corrientes, a province of northeastern Argentina with endemic leprosy, has improved its epidemiological indicators, however, a study of the dynamics over time is lacking.
OBJECTIVES We analysed data of 1308 leprosy patients between 1991 to 2014, and the forecast for 2020.
METHODS Descriptive statistics and stepwise Bayesian model selection were performed. Forecasts were made using the median of 100,000 projections using the parameters calculated via Monte Carlo methods.
RESULTS We found a decreasing number of new leprosy cases (-2.04 cases/year); this decrease is expected to continue by an estimated 20.28 +/- 10.00 cases by 2020, evidenced by a sustained decline in detection rate (from 11 to 2.9/100,000 inhabitants). Age groups that were most affected were 15-44 (40.13%) and 45-64 (38.83%) year olds. Multibacillary forms (MB) predominated (70.35%) and while gradually declining, between 10 and 30% developed disability grade 2 (DG2) (0.175 (0.110 - 0.337) DG2/MB cases), with a time delay between 0 to 15 years (median = 0). The proportion of MB clinic forms and DG2 increased and will continuously increase in the short term (0.036 +/- 0.018 logit (MB/total of cases).
MAIN CONCLUSIONS Corrientes is on the way to eliminating leprosy by 2020, however the increased proportion of MB clinical forms and DG2 signals a warning for disease control efforts.
Financial support: Provincial Program for the Control of Leishmaniasis and Leprosy under the Ministry of Health of Corrientes, Centro de Diagnóstico e Investigación en Endemo-Epidemias, CeNDIE, ANLIS Dr CG Malbrán.
Received 8 November 2016
Accepted 4 March 2017