This year, One Hundred and Ten. And counting!

Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz was officially created in 1907, by the federal decree 1.802, December 12, 1907 (for Portuguese version of this decree - Memorias effectively started its life as scientific publishing journal only two years later. This start could not be better: in the second issue of the journal (August 1909), Dr. Carlos Chagas reported the discovery of a new human trypanosomiasis including both its infectious agent - the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, and the vector - the triatomine bugs) ( This trypanosomiasis is currently known as Chagas Disease. Because of the breath and impact of this discovery to the tropical Medicine in the XX century, he should have been recognized by a Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology. For reasons we will probably never know, the prize was not awarded to Dr. Carlos Chagas.
 The journal has experienced many changes since the first issue in April 1909. From a typical institutional journal, e. g, dedicated to publishing exclusively the scientific work from the Oswaldo Cruz institute researchers, Memorias went on to become one of the most prestigious journals in the fields of tropical medicine and parasitology in the XXI century.
Our journal has been able to survive all transformations of the scientific publishing landscape in last century. The challenge now is no less daunting. It is the core mission of this journal to keep serving the human infectious disease research community in an environment of overwhelming dissemination of information. In the meantime several questions pop up in our dashboard: what role should be assigned to editors? Do we need them? All the information should go immediately open? Peer-review should be performed by a few individual researchers, massive decentralized reviewers or reviewing committees? What about the costs of these initiatives? In a world of open and immediate publishing repositories, do we really need journals under the current format?
For sure, the Memorias editors do not have conclusive answers for these questions, but at least a history of 110 years of science publishing may help us to navigate through this environment of uncertainty and many potential innovations. New terms are around here, e. g., preprints, collaborative peer review, living article, to cite the most relevant ones. They point out a new world where authors recuperate the full control on how to publish, what publish, and even which editing will be needed. Memorias, like most current journals, is under pressure to respond to these challenges. If journals wish to remain relevant for science dissemination in the near future, they must properly address these questions. We do, and hope our authors think so.

Happy 110 years Memorias do IOC!


Adeilton Brandão

Articles that will be published in the next issue Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Please be advised that the assigned DOI numbers for each manuscript are preliminary records not yet registered in Crossref. If the manuscript is accepted for publication by MIOC, the DOI number will be processed by SciELO in Crossrefon publication.

Since the beginning of the Zika Epidemics in Brazil, the Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz launched the Fast Track system, in alignment with the call for data sharing in public health emergencies made by the WHO.

MIOC has thus published papers related to the Zika epidemics and expanded the section as to include also articles related to Chikungunya and Yellow Fever. The immediate response and adherence of the scientific community to this call strengthens the idea that open science is becoming part of the publication pathway and crucial for the fast data sharing amongst the researchers and results are made fully available for decision-makers. Now, Ebola cases are arising again, and a new outbreak was recently detected in the Democratic Republic of Congo. MIOC is supported by Fiocruz, which is also a petitioner of the 2016 joint statement relating to the sharing of data of public health emergencies, is now including Ebola in the Fast Track section.

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