This year, One Hundred and Ten. And counting!

Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz was officially created by federal decree 1.802, on December 12, 1907 (click here for the Portuguese version of this decree). Memorias effectively started its life as scientific publishing journal only two years later. This start could not have been better: in the second issue of the journal (August 1909), Dr. Carlos Chagas reported the discovery of a new human trypanosomiasis, including both its infectious agent (the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi) and the vector (the triatomine bugs). This trypanosomiasis is currently known as Chagas Disease. Because of the breath and impact of this discovery to tropical medicine in the 20th century, he should have been recognized with a Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology. For reasons we will probably never know, the prize was not awarded to Dr. Carlos Chagas.

The journal has experienced many changes since its first issue in April 1909. From starting as a typical institutional journal, one dedicated to publishing the scientific work of researchers from the Oswaldo Cruz Institute exclusively, Memorias went on to become one of the most prestigious journals in the fields of tropical medicine and parasitology in the 21st century.

Our journal has been able to survive all the transformations of the scientific publishing landscape in last century. The challenge ahead is no less daunting. It is the core mission of this journal to keep serving the human infectious disease research community in an environment with an overwhelming dissemination of information. In the meantime, several questions pop up on our dashboard. What role should be assigned to editors? Do we need them? Should all the information be open immediately? Should peer review be performed by a few individual researchers, massive numbers of decentralized reviewers, or reviewing committees? What about the costs of these initiatives? In a world of open and immediate publishing repositories, do we really need journals in the current format?

Certainly, the Memorias editors do not have conclusive answers to these questions, but at least a history of 110 years of science publishing may help us navigate through this environment of uncertainty and its many potential innovations. New terms abound: preprints, collaborative peer reviews, and living articles, to cite the most relevant ones. They reveal a new world where authors retake full control of how to publish, what to publish, and even what editing will be needed. Memorias, like most current journals, is under pressure to respond to these challenges. If journals wish to remain relevant for science dissemination in the near future, they must properly address these questions. We do, and hope our authors think so.

Happy 110 years Memorias do IOC!


Adeilton Brandão

Articles that will be published in the next issue Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Please be advised that the assigned DOI numbers for each manuscript are preliminary records not yet registered in Crossref. If the manuscript is accepted for publication by MIOC, the DOI number will be processed by SciELO in Crossrefon publication.

Since the beginning of the Zika Epidemics in Brazil, the Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz launched the Fast Track system, in alignment with the call for data sharing in public health emergencies made by the WHO.

MIOC has thus published papers related to the Zika epidemics and expanded the section as to include also articles related to Chikungunya and Yellow Fever. The immediate response and adherence of the scientific community to this call strengthens the idea that open science is becoming part of the publication pathway and crucial for the fast data sharing amongst the researchers and results are made fully available for decision-makers. Now, Ebola cases are arising again, and a new outbreak was recently detected in the Democratic Republic of Congo. MIOC is supported by Fiocruz, which is also a petitioner of the 2016 joint statement relating to the sharing of data of public health emergencies, is now including Ebola in the Fast Track section.

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