Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, VOLUME 117 | 2022

Transforming growth factor-β as a therapeutic target for the cardiac damage of Chagas disease

Mariana Caldas Waghabi1,+, Roberto Rodrigues Ferreira1,4, Rayane da Silva Abreu1, Wim Degrave1, Elen Mello de Souza2, Sabine Bailly3, Jean-Jacques Feige3, Tania C de Araújo-Jorge4

1Fundação Oswaldo Cruz-Fiocruz, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Laboratório de Genômica Funcional e Bioinformática, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
2Fundação Oswaldo Cruz-Fiocruz, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Laboratório de Virologia Molecular, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
3Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Biology of Cancer and Infection Laboratory, Grenoble, France
4Fundação Oswaldo Cruz-Fiocruz, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Laboratório de Inovações em Terapias, Ensino e Bioprodutos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

DOI: 10.1590/0074-02760210395
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Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) is deeply involved on the pathogenesis of Chagas disease. Our group has been investigating the participation of this pleiotropic cytokine in different aspects of Chagas disease over the last 20 years. Important observations have been made, such as: (i) the ability of Trypanosoma cruzi in activating latent TGF-β; (ii) the potential involvement of TGF-β pathway on T. cruzi invasion of host cells; (iii) association of TGF-β with parasite intracellular replication; (iv) cardiac fibrosis development and maintenance; (v) disruption of Connexin-43 plaque structures and (vi) inflammation and immune response. In this perspective article we intend to discuss the advances of the potential use of new therapies targeting TGF-β to treat the cardiac alterations of Chagas disease-affected patients.

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+ Corresponding author:
Received 17 December 2021
Accepted 20 December 2021

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