Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 97(8) December 2002
A New Species of Anoplodiscus (Monogenea: Anoplodiscidae) Parasitic on Pagrus pagrus (Osteichthyes: Sparidae) from the Coastal Zone of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 74508, 23851-970 Seropédica, RJ, Brasil
A new species of u00a0Anoplodiscusu00a0(Monogenea, Anoplodiscidae), parasitic on gills of the red porgy,u00a0Pagrus pagrus,u00a0from the coastal zone of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is described and illustrated. The new species can be differentiated from the other species of this genus by the shape of the accessory piece of the copulatory complex, and the length of the vagina. This is the first record of a species ofu00a0Anoplodiscus in the Neotropical region.
Anoplodiscidae Tagliani, 1912 is a monotypic family of monogeneans parasitic on sparid fishes from Mediterranean, Australian and Japanese waters (Ogawa & Egusa 1981, Ogawa 1994). The only genus of this family was proposed by Sonsino (1890) to accommodate Ano-plodiscus richiardii collected fromPagrus orphus in the Mediterranean Sea. This species was later redescribed by Monticelli (1905). Presently other four Anoplodiscus species are known: A. australis (Johnston, 1930), A. spari (Yamaguti, 1958), A. cirruspiralis Roubal, Armitage and Rohde, 1983, and A. tai Ogawa, 1994 (Ogawa & Egusa 1981, Roubal 1981, Roubal et al. 1983, Ogawa 1994). Ogawa and Egusa (1981) studied the systematic position of Anoplodiscus and provided an emended diagnosis of the genus and redescriptions of A. australis and A. spari.
During a parasitological survey of marine fishes from the coastal zone of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 90 specimens of the sparid fish P. pagrus (Linnaeus, 1758) were necropsied and numerous monogeneans specimens were collected. In the present paper a new species of Anoplodiscus is described and illustrated.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The monogeneans studied are part of the material collected from 90 specimens of P. pagrus, from the coastal zone of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (21-23ºS, 41-45ºW), during 1998 and 2000. Specimens of P. pagrus were identified according to Menezes and Figueiredo (1980). The fishes measured 16-50 cm (mean = 29.5 ± 7.2 cm) in total length. The monogeneans were removed from the mouth and gills of hosts with a 1:4000 formalin solution, fixed in 5% formalin and stored in 70ºGL ethanol. The parasites were stained with Gomori's trichrome and mounted in Canada balsam. Measurements were made in micrometers (µm), the mean is followed by the range and number of specimens measured (n) in parentheses. The illustrations were made with the aid of a drawing tube mounted on a Hund Wetzlar H-600 phase contrast microscope. The terms prevalence and mean intensity of infestation were used according to Bush et al. (1997). The holotype and paratypes were deposited in the Helminthological Collection of the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in the United States National Parasite Collection (USNPC), Maryland, USA, and in the Meguro Parasitological Collection (MPM), Tokyo, Japan.
Description: body elongate, 2.18 (1.81-2.58, n = 13) mm long, with round ends (Fig. 1). Maximum width at level of testis 777 (655-921, n = 13). Tegument smooth. Two anteroventral depressions 60 (38-77, n = 13) long, 102 (55-137, n = 13) wide. Two pairs of eyes, posterior pair closer together than anterior pair. Pharynx 157 (121-190, n = 11) long, 147 (115-187, n = 11) wide. Single intestinal caecum extends near to posterior end of body, passing to left of copulatory complex, germarium, and testis. Disc-like haptor 237 (200-344, n = 12) long, 301 (155-466, n = 12) wide, non-septate, lacking anchors, bars or hooks. Testis 145 (110-192, n = 11) long, 103 (71-137, n = 11) wide, postgermarial. Vas deferens at sinistral anterior margin of testis, sinuous. Seminal vesicle a dilation of vas deferens. Two prostatic reservoirs at level of seminal vesicle. Genital pore ventral, at level of copulatory complex. Male copulatory organ (Fig. 2) is a coil of about 2½ rings. Accessory piece 72 (66-82, n = 12) long, 135 (110-165, n = 12) wide; proximally blunt, distally pointed, with smaller round outgrowth and partially furrowed surface; even slender protrusion at middle. Vaginal aperture dextro-ventral. Vaginal duct 64 (55-82, n = 7) long, with sclerotized piece at the seminal receptacle (Fig. 3). Seminal receptacle anterior to germarium. Germarium 118 (82-159, n = 12) long, 142 (77-176, n = 12) wide, antero-dextral to testis. Vitellaria bilaterally distributed from genital pore, not extending into haptor. Two unequal excretory vesicle at level of copulatory complex.
Type host: Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Sparidae)
Site of infestation: mouth and gills
Type locality: coastal zone of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (21-23º S, 41-45ºW)
Prevalence of infestation: 16.6%
Mean intensity of infestation: 2.3 ± 1.1
Type specimens: Holotype CHIOC no.34905. Paratypes: CHIOC nos. 34906a-d, 34907 (five specimens), USNPC no. 92350 (two specimens), and MPM no. 18806 (two specimens)
Specimens examined: one paratype of A. cirruspiralis (USNPC no. 77299),and six paratypes of A. tai(MPM no. 19593, slides no. A1285-1286)
Etymology: the specific name is from Latin (longus = long, + vagina = vagina) and refers to vaginal duct that is longer than in the other Anoplodiscus species.
Remarks: the new species can be compared with A. richiardii, A. cirruspiralis and A. tai by the shape of the body and the copulatory complex. A. longivaginatus sp. nov. differs from the above species by the structure of the accessory piece of the male copulatory organ which is very irregular in contrast with the round shape of the accessory piece of A. cirruspiralis, A. richiardii, and A. tai. A. richiardii is a species less known of the genus. The information provided in the original description and subsequent redescription by Monticelli (1905) is inaccurate in details of the copulatory complex, showing the shape of the accessory piece only. Thus, a redescription of A. richiardii is needed to elucidate some aspects of its morphology.
Another characteristic to differentiate A. lon-givaginatus sp. nov. is the vaginal duct which is much longer than that reported for the other species. This is the first record of a species of Anoplodiscus in the Neotropical region.
To Patricia Pillit (United States National Parasite Collection) and Jun Araki (Meguro Parasitological Museum) for loaning paratypes of Anoplodiscus cirruspiralis and A. tai, respectively.
Bush OA, Lafferty KD, Lotz JM, Shostak AW 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. Revisited. J Parasitol 83: 575-583.
Menezes NA, Figueiredo JL 1980. Manual de Peixes Marinhos do Sudeste do Brasil. IV. Teleostei (3), Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, 96 pp.
Monticelli FS 1905. Osservatione intorno ad alcune specie di Heterocotylea. Boll Soc Naturalist Napoli 18: 65-80.
Ogawa K 1994. Anoplodiscus tai sp. nov. (Monogenea: Anoplodiscidae) from cultured red sea breamPagrus major. Fish Pathol 29: 5-10.
Ogawa K, Egusa S 1981. The systematic position of the genus Anoplodiscus (Monogenea: Anoplodiscidae). Syst Parasitol 2: 253-260.
Roubal FR 1981. The taxonomy and site specificity of metazoan ectoparasites on the black bream,Acanthopagrus australis (Günther) in northern New South Wales. Aust J Zool 84: 41-50.
Roubal FR, Armitage J, Rohde K 1983. Taxonomy of Metazoan ectoparasites of Snapper,Chrysophrys auratus (Family Sparidae), from Southern Australia, Eastern Australia and New Zealand. Aust J Zool 94: 1-68.
Sonsino P 1890. Di un nuovo trematode raccolto dal Pagrus orphus. Cenno preliminare. Atti Soc Toscana Sci Nat, Pisa 7: 172.